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Direct socio-economic impact of Linate airport

In terms of direct impact, there 328 economic activities present in Linate, delivering an estimated 11,500 work units. The main impact concerns state entities, handling operators and carriers, but also SEA, which had a 10% impact on the overall data. In 2018, a significant contribution came from the maintenance sector due to the restructuring of the airport, which transferred a large number of employees to a substantially more stable situation.  The value of production is around Euro 2.4 billion.

Direct socio-economic impact generated by Linate airport

2015 296 9,347 1,349 9,638,763 12,434 9,763,103 957
2017 313 9,359 1,931 9,503,065 11,937 9,622,435 972
2018 328 11,547 2,436 9,187,120 10,827 9,295,390 1,242

Source: elaborated from SEA and ISTAT data by LIUC Business School’s Centre for Local Area and Sector Development.

Indirect and spin-off socio-economic impacts of Linate

Testament to the indirect impact of Linate airport (related to the supply chain external to the production units operating within the airport) in 2018 are the more than 7,100 job openings, related to Euro 866 million of value of production generated.

Development of the indirect and spin-off impact of Linate airport

2015 5,751 449.7 4,353 533.3
2017 5,759 686.8 4,359 906
2018 7,105 866.3 5,378 1,143

Source: elaborated from ISTAT data by LIUC Business School’s Centre for Local Area and Sector Development.

The spin-off impact (linked to the aggregated increase in demand generated by employee salaries working inside the airport structures) represents, on the other hand, over 5,000 job openings and approximately Euro 1,140 million in production value. Also on this front the restructuring works of the terminal have had a significant effect.

Linate airport - Catalytic impact on tourism

The airport’s catalytic impact on tourism was established, as for Malpensa, from a survey on a panel of passengers disembarking in Linate and related to their spend in the region, in terms of: transport, hotels, restaurants, retail, free time, leisure and entertainment. 3,200 outbound passengers from Linate, with at least one overnight stay in Lombardy, were interviewed.  The data was then linked to the reference base of approximately 2.3 million inbound tourists landing in Linate and who in 2018 had visited Lombardy. Economically, inbound tourism represents approximately Euro 1 million with the creation of 14,700 work units.

Socio-economic impact generated by tourist flows through Linate

Results of the airport tourist survey: amount of per capita spend by expense item
Individual expense totalTransportAccommodationCateringShoppingFree timeTotal
Milan Linate total passenger spend (€) 40.9 142.3 94.6 135.0 47.3 460.1
Spend per night (€) 19.0 66.2 44.0 62.8 22.0 214.0

Results of the airport tourist survey: stay in the region
Nights/ regionNo. interviewsAverage stay
Linate 4,938,077 3,250 2.15

Airport statistics
Pax totals Incomers
Linate 9,187,120 2,296,780 50.20%

Reconstruction of total tourist spend
OFF SITE spend totalTransport spendAccom. spendCatering spendShopping spendFree time spendTot. spend
Linate (€ thousand) 93,823 326,901 217,275 310,111 108,638 1,056,748

Reconstruction of total jobs related to tourism
TransportAccommodationCateringShoppingFree timeTotal
Produced per employee 139 89 50 53 150
Jobs generated 675 3,489 4,128 5,671 724 14,688

Development of Linate's catalytic impact on tourism

Passengers 9,638,763 9,503,065 9,187,120
Incomers 1,108,715 1,713,817 2,296,780
Interviews 2,913 3,055 3,250
Nights spent in the region n.a. 3,787,536 4,938,077
Average stay (days) 2.20 2.21 2.15
Spend per night (Euro) 234.1 220 214
Total spend per passenger (Euro) 515 486.2 460.1
Value of production (Euro mil.) 571 833.2 1,056.7
Jobs effect 5,669 11,805 14,688

Source: Centre for Local Area and Sector Development - LIUC BS

Overall socio-economic impact of Linate

Putting together the results obtained from the estimates of the different types of impacts considered, it emerges that the overall socio-economic impact of Linate in 2018 - with variable degrees of intensity within a regional catchment area, which, based on the processes considered, stretches from the immediate hinterland, to Lombardy - corresponds to Euro 5.5 billion of production value generated, and the creation of over 38,000 work units.

Cumulative socio-economic impact of Linate airport in 2018

Type of impactJobs effectValue of production (Euro mil.)
Direct 11,547 2,436.1
Indirect 7,105 866.4
Spin-off 5,378 1,143
Tourism catalytic  14,688 1,056.7
Total 38,718 5,502.2

Source: Centre for Local Area and Sector Development - LIUC BS